Environmental Issues at Phillips 66

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Logo of Phillips 66. “We are standing on the shoulders of giants,” said Phillips 66 CEO Greg Garland. “People like E. W. Marland, who started Marland Oil in 1911, and Frank and L. E. Phillips that started Phillips Petroleum in 1917. I could go on and on and list the giants that have come before us that have so well positioned this company for the success that we enjoy today.”[1] Photo: ConocoPhillips
The 587 foot tall Mammoet PTC 140 crane, seen here from North First Street, towers over the refinery in Ponca City, Oklahoma built by E. W. Marland. The crane was used to move two new coker reactor units within the refinery in September, 2013. The photograph was taken from almost two miles away from the crane. Photo: Hugh Pickens All Rights Reserved.
A photo of Marland Refinery in Ponca City in 1921. By 1921 EW Marland had consolidated all of his oil operations under the auspices of the Marland Oil Company. Headquartered in Ponca City the firm continued its phenomenal growth pattern by absorbing numerous small oil companies including the Comar Oil Company, Tom Jones Oil Company, Kenney-Cleary Oil Company, Francoma Oil Company, John S. Alcorn Oil Company, and many others whose highly competent executives Marland's company usually retained. Photo: Oklahoma Historical Society

Environmental Issues at Phillips 66

April 16, 2014: Candidates for County Supervisor Spar Over Plan to Move Crude Oil to Santa Maria Refinery by Rail

David Sneed reported in The Tribune on April 16, 2014 that the three candidates running for District 4 County Supervisor faced off in a forum at Nipomo High School, sparring – sometimes testily – over a variety of issues including the proposed rail spur at the Phillips 66 refinery to deliver crude oil from new sources. Real estate broker Mike Byrd took the firmest stance, saying he does not like the idea of oil being imported into the county in rail cars because it poses too many safety issues. “I have a problem with the idea that this is going to be allowed,” Byrd said, adding that a way should be found to pipe the oil into the refinery. Appointed incumbent Caren Ray said it is unethical of Byrd to take a hard-nosed position on the matter before it comes before the Board of Supervisors and said she is working to make sure that the environmental impacts and other issues associated with the project are dealt with. Lynn Compton said the project has its pros and cons but pointed out that the refinery is a source of good jobs in the district. “They are a good neighbor and a benefit to the community,” she said, adding that the county’s permitting of the project is unfolding as it should.[2]

April 4, 2014: Hearing on Rodeo Refinery Project Postponed until May 13

The Contra Costa Times reported on April 4, 2014 that a public hearing on a propane-and-butane recovery project at the Phillips 66 refinery in Rodeo was postponed by Contra Costa County Board of Supervisors to May 13. New equipment would enable the refinery to recover propane and butane instead of using it as fuel in its boilers or burning off excesses in a process called flaring, the company argued. It added it does not need to refine heavier crudes to make the project work. Opponents of the project argued the environmental report does not adequately study many of the project's potential impacts and it overstates the baseline amounts of propane and butane currently produced at the refinery. They also warned that Phillips plans to process more and dirtier oil. Phillips 66, characterizing many of the appellants' objections as speculative and based on incorrect assumptions, asserted the project would reduce emissions of the pollutant sulfur dioxide. Moreover, Phillips 66 said, there are no restrictions on the kinds of crude the refinery can process now or in the future.[3]

March 28, 2014: Santa Maria Rail Extension Project Reopened for Public Comment

The Contra Costa Times reported on March 28, 2014 that an environmental report for a rail expansion project at Phillips' Santa Maria Refinery that some East Bay residents fear could bring highly flammable, light crude from the Bakken oil fields in North Dakota and Canada through their communities will be reissued and subjected to a new round of public comment. This week, the Berkeley and Richmond city councils voted unanimously to oppose the transport of crude oil by rail through the East Bay, adding to a large body of commentary previously submitted during the draft report's initial public comment period. Murry Wilson, environmental resource specialist for the San Luis Obispo County Department of Planning and Building, said his agency decided to recirculate the draft report due to the large volume and nature of comments received. Phillips 66 spokesman Dean Acosta said this week the Santa Maria refinery is "configured to run the heavier California crudes," but he stopped short of saying the refinery would not receive Bakken crude.[4] .

March 26, 2014: Phillips Pays $500,000 Fine for Clean Air Violations at Five Refineries

CSP Daily News reported on March 26, 2014 that Phillips will pay a $500,000 penalty for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Sweeny Refinery in Old Ocean, Texas, the Alliance Refinery in Belle Chasse, La., the Wood River Refinery in Roxana, Ill., the Lake Charles Refinery in Westlake, La., the Borger Refinery in Borger, Texas, and several terminals across the country. Phillips also agreed to retire more than 21 billion sulfur credits that could have been used in the production of gasoline, which could potentially lead to significantly less pollution from vehicles. In a administrative settlement agreement, the EPA alleged that the company generated invalid sulfur credits between 2006 and 2012 and that Phillips failed to comply with recordkeeping, reporting, sampling and testing requirements at the five refineries. EPA discovered these violations during facility inspections and through a review of company records, which included the results of third-party company audits required by the Clean Air Act.[5]

March 24, 2014: Mesa Refinery Watch Group Says Explosive Risks Far Outweigh Benefits at Santa Maria Refinery

Linda Reynolds, the Chairperson for the Mesa Refinery Watch Group wrote an op-ed in the Cal Coast News on March 24, 2014 that says that Phillips "revamped corporate business model is to maximize profits by turning our nation’s rail lines into inherently unsafe “tank car pipelines” to take advantage of the new flood of lower-cost Canadian tar sands 1 and domestic fracked crude oils." According to Reynolds instead of bringing in crude by pipeline, Phillips proposes to bring half-billion gallons (488,000,000) of crude per year to the Santa Maria Refinery, via 20,800 rail tank cars and that the tank cars may very well contain Bakken crude — the explosive crude that has destroyed lives, property and the environment in towns across the U.S. and Canada. "We believe the vastly increased risks that this proposal brings to the citizens and businesses throughout SLO County and the Central Coast are unacceptable," concludes Reynolds. "The risks of massive explosions, fires, oil spills, and air, noise, odor and light pollution, enormously outweigh the benefits the plan bestows on an individual business entity — that is, Phillips 66. Any honest risk, benefit analysis would lead to that conclusion."[6]

March 18, 2014: Crack in Idle Phillips Pipeline Spews Crude Oil onto Wilmington Streets

The Wilmington Press-Telegrapm reported on March 18, 2014 that a crack in an idle Phillips oil pipeline, possibly caused by this week’s 4.4-magnitude earthquake, spewed thousands of gallons of crude oil onto a residential street in Wilmington. “After a thorough investigation of the source, we can confirm the leak is coming from an idle pipeline owned by Phillips 66,” said Phillips spokeswoman Monica Silva. “We are working to stop the leak and have recovered approximately 30 barrels of oil. Clean-up efforts continue.” Silva declined to elaborate on why the unused 10-inch pipeline was filled with crude oil. Normally, when a pipeline is not being used, oil companies will fill it with concrete slurry. However, if they think they may want to use the line again, they try to keep it viable. In this case, the oil may have been stored in the line to keep it from corroding or collapsing, fire officials said. Silva said oil company officials will not say more about the issue until Wednesday.[7]

Rep. Janice Hahn, D-San Pedro, visited the site on Tuesday out of “concern for the safety and well-being of the residents of Wilmington,” she said in a statement. “The harsh, crude oil smell is not only horrible, but can also be potentially harmful to the neighborhood residents and environment.” “As a member of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines and Hazardous Materials, I plan to make this oil spill incident a priority,” Hahn said. “I have already reached out to the subcommittee to find out what federal actions we can take to ensure that an incident like this will not happen again, and that there is proper oversight with our nation’s pipelines. County Hazardous Materials Specialist Don Miguel Ellis said that Phillips 66 officials were developing a plan Tuesday afternoon to remove the rest of the oil and clean and repair the area. “It’s a significant spill in a public area,” Ellis said. “But health risks are minimal.”[8]

Phillips, which earlier in the day said it was almost positive that it was not to blame for the leak, later took responsibility and put the blame on one of its out-of-service pipes. Janet Grothe, a spokeswoman for Phillips 66, said the company would investigate why oil remained in the pipe, which she said was taken out of service before Phillips 66 acquired it. Los Angeles Councilman Joe Buscaino, who was touring the area, said the pipe had been withdrawn from service in 1998. Don Ellis, a hazardous-materials specialist with the Los Angeles County Fire Department, said that when an underground oil pipeline is withdrawn from use, it is supposed to be capped and the material inside vacuumed out. Although Phillips initially thought the pipe didn't belong to the firm, the company was involved in the cleanup early on "as a good neighbor," Grothe said adding that Phillips' crews would steam clean the street and that repairs would be completed in a week.[9]

March 14, 2014: Phillips Santa Maria Rail Spur Meeting Draws 150 Critics

The Santa Maria Times reported on March 14, 2014 that 150 people attended an afternoon town hall meeting to discuss the Phillips' Santa Maria rail project that would allow tank cars to deliver crude oil to the Santa Maria Refinery. When an audience member asked how many in the audience opposed the project, virtually everyone raised a hand. When San Luis Obispo County 4th District Supervisor Caren Ray asked how many supported it, not one hand went up. Ray told the crowd that the County Planning Department “was simply overwhelmed” by 800 public comments about the draft Environmental Impact Report. The meeting started with a Powerpoint presentation by Art Herbon of the Mesa Watch steering committee outlining the project and why the group opposes it. Reasons cited by Herbon and, later, audience members included noise, air quality, dust, odors, visual and economic impacts plus the explosive danger of Bakken crude oil. “We support Phillips 66 in its efforts to increase profits and provide jobs, but not at any cost ...,” Herbon said following his presentation.[10]

The draft Environmental Impact Report says the primary source of crude oil in the shipments would be the Bakken oil formation in South Dakota, which opponents find alarming. Bakken crude was involved in the explosions and fires Dec. 30 when two trains collided in South Dakota, prompting the U.S. Department of Transportation to issue a warning that Bakken crude might be more flammable than other types. Bakken crude not only carries more hydrogen sulfide, which is toxic and flammable, but also more explosive butane and propane gases. Ray said Phillips 66 officials told her they would change the draft EIR so Bakken would not be the primary source but would not eliminate it entirely. That’s because Bakken crude could be delivered by “manifest trains” that would haul tank cars as well as other types of cargo, she said.[11]

March 10, 2014: Phillips Fined $239k for Air Quality Violations at Rodeo Refinery in 2008 and 2009

Denis Cuff reported in the Contra Costa Times that the Bay Area Air Quality Management District announced on March 10, 2014 that it had reached a civil settlement with Phillips for the payment of $230,900 in air pollution penalties for 19 air quality violations at their Rodeo Refinery in 2008 and 2009 that included late or missed flare gas samples, failure to install and inspect required emission controls on the wastewater system, and operating a storage tank while control valves were open.The refinery also exceeded hydrogen sulfide limits in fuel gas. "The air district has the responsibility to ensure that refineries operate their facilities in full compliance of air quality regulations to protect the health of local residents," said Jack Broadbent, the air district's executive officer. "Any violation of these regulations, no matter how minor, will not be tolerated."[12] Officials at Phillips said the company had disclosed most of the violations to the air district and fixed the problems quickly. "We continue to make improvements in our procedures, training and monitoring to minimize if not eliminate the likelihood of recurrence," said Janet Grothe, a spokeswoman for Phillips.[13]

March 5, 2014: Bakken Crude in Exploding Oil Trains May Contain Too Much Propane

Marcus Stern and Sebastian Jones report on Bloomberg that as federal regulators continue investigating why tank cars on three trains carrying North Dakota crude oil have exploded in the past eight months, energy experts say part of the problem might be that some producers are deliberately leaving too much propane in their product, making the oil riskier to transport by rail]. Sweet light crude from the Bakken Shale formation has long been known to be especially rich in volatile natural gas liquids like propane and while there's no way to completely eliminate natural gas liquids from crude, well operators are supposed to use separators at the wellhead to strip out gases before shipping the oil. The worry is that some producers are adjusting the pressure settings to leave in substantial amounts of natural gas liquids and purposefully selling their crude "fluffed up" with propane to maximize their profits. "There is a strong suspicion that a number of producers are cheating. They generally want to simply fill up the barrel and sell it—and there are some who are not overly worried about quality," says Alan J. Troner. "I suspect that some are cheating and this is a suspicion that at least some refiners share." As an oil train shakes, rattles and rolls toward the refinery, the propane begins to separate from the liquid and turning into gas. If one of those cars ruptures, the propane gas inside will likely make contact with outside air. If the gas is ignited—perhaps by a spark thrown off when the car rips open or maybe a spark thrown up from steel wheels scraping over steel tracks—the car can explode. Then the burning car can act like a blowtorch on the tanker next to it and at that point, railcars can explode in domino fashion.[14][15]

The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) recently issued a safety alert that recent derailments and resulting fires indicate that the type of crude oil being transported from the Bakken region may be more flammable than traditional heavy crude oil. "It's typical of this type of oil. So it's not surprising. There's no mystery to it… especially if it were in a tanker not meant to carry that type of fluid," says Ramanan Krishnamoorti referring to the much-criticized DOT-111, a black, torpedo-shaped railcar designed in the 1960s that has become the workhorse of the crude-rail industry. Washington doesn’t appear to be in a rush to address the problem. On January 23, investigators at the US National Transportation Safety Board made broad recommendations that would have big consequences: They said crude oil should meet the same restrictions as toxic chemicals, which must be routed on tracks away from population centers. “The large-scale shipment of crude oil by rail simply didn’t exist 10 years ago, and our safety regulations need to catch up,” says NTSB Chairman Deborah Hersman. “While this energy boom is good for business, the people and the environment along rail corridors must be protected from harm.”[16][17]

February 28, 2014: Phillips Faces Compliance Hearing for Pollution Monitoring System at Rodeo Refinery

The Contra Costa Times reported on February 28, 2014 that the Contra Costa County Zoning Administrator will hold a compliance meeting on March 3, 2014 on the land use permit of the Phillips 66 Rodeo Refinery to determine if the fence line pollution monitoring system, deemed deficient in October, has been fixed. The system is supposed to function 95 percent of the time, according to an agreement between the refinery and an environmental working group that is a condition of a Clean Fuels Expansion Project. According to the staff report, a contractor found the monitoring system exceeded the 95 percent standard during four months of a 10-month period, and failed to meet the standard during six of those months.[18]

February 20, 2014: Likelihood Of A Train Accident Releasing Oil In South County is Once In Every 226 Years

The Times Press recorder reports that a proposed rail spur extension and expansion at the Phillips 66 Santa Maria Refinery will be discussed at the South County Advisory Council meeting on February 24, 2014. Jim Anderson, superintendent of maintenance at the refinery, will present an overview of the project to construct additional rail spurs on the refinery property. Under the proposal, up to five trains would be unloaded each week, with the maximum expected to be 250 trains per year. That works out to an annual total ranging from 470 million to 547.5 million gallons, depending upon car sizes. According to the Draft Environmental Impact Report the likelihood of a train accident releasing oil in the county at once in every 226 years.[19]

February 14, 2014: Garland Says Phillips has Invested $1.5 Billion in Pollution Control in Last Decade

Greg Garland told security analysts at the Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit on February 12, 2014 that Phillips has invested over $1.5 billion in the last decade in pollution control equipment, in pollution reduction equipment. "So you combine that along with paying attention to the big things and the small things and running our businesses really well, you can see we significantly reduced emissions."[20]

February 7, 2014: Opponents of Rail Terminal to Santa Maria Refinery Take Their Concerns to County Traffic Committee

The Times Press Recorder reported on February 7, 2014 that opponents of the proposed rail facility expansion at the Santa Maria refinery plan to take their concerns to South County Advisory Council’s Traffic and Circulation Committee Meeting on February 13, 2014 that is scheduled to discuss the transportation section of the project’s draft environmental impact report. "We will be there in force,” said group member Laurance Shinderman. Members of Mesa Refinery Watch have collected 400 signatures on a petition opposing the expansion and another 100 people individually wrote letters opposing the project said Shinderman. The group worries about a catastrophic explosion along the Union Pacific rail line like the one on December 30, 2013 when two trains collided in South Dakota and last July that killed 47 people after a derailment in Quebec. “It’s not an issue of the refinery increasing capacity,” Shinderman said. “It’s an issue of trains coming through.” Shinderman said the EIR’s assertion the project will have no significant impacts “is just insane,” noting there will be impacts to noise, aesthetics, traffic and air quality. “I think our position is not fewer trains but no trains."[21]

January 29, 2014: Phillips 66 Agrees To Pay $6,000 In State Fines for Water Pollution Violations from Rodeo Refinery

The Contra Costa Times reported on January 29, 2014 that Phillips has agreed to pay $6,000 in fines to the state for exceeding discharge limits for selenium on two different occasions at its Rodeo refinery along San Pablo Bay that occurred on July 2, 2012 and September 5, 2012. Phillips agreed to waive its right to a hearing and to settle the matter under the board's Expedited Payment Program. The settlement is pending acceptance by the board's executive officer following a public comment period that runs until 5 p.m. on February 28, 2014.[22]

January 22, 2014: Phillips Reports Equipment Malfunction, Start-up Procedures After Fire at Wood River Refinery

Phillips reported an equipment malfunction at its Wood River refinery in Roxana, Illinois, which led to sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions, a filing with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency pollution regulator showed. On January 22, 2014 the company had begun standard start-up procedures to bring a unit affected by a fire on January 21, 2014 back into service. The company had earlier said a small process unit fire that began after a leak at the refinery had been extinguished. [23]

January 14, 2014: Phillips Settle Claims of Defrauding Utah State Fund of $25 Million for Cleanups of Leaking Underground Tanks

The Insurance Journal reported on January 14, 2014 that Phillips has paid $2 million to settle allegations it helped itself to Utah’s Petroleum Storage Tank Fund for cleaning up damage from leaking fuel storage tanks even though it had insurance to cover the cleanups. Phillips was said to have relied on the fund for cleanups at 82 service stations. Consistently, these guys were saying, ‘No, we don’t have any insurance,” said Therron Blatter, a branch manager for underground storage tanks at the Utah Division of Environmental Response and Remediation. “Clearly, they did have the insurance.”[24]

According to the Salt Lake City Tribune Phillips was accused of defrauding the Utah’s Petroleum Storage Tank Fund to the tune of $25 million for cleanups associated with leaking underground tanks. In its lawsuit filed in 2012, the division alleged ConocoPhillips collected $25 million in payouts to cover cleanups at 82 service stations by falsely reporting that these sites were not covered by independent insurance. The suit sought to recover this money, plus punitive damages and fines totalling $10,000 for every day ConocoPhillips violated the law. But as lawyers gathered evidence it became apparent some of the claims were not that strong, said Brent Everett, director of the state Division of Environmental Response and Remediation. Officials said they are satisfied with the $2 million settlement, which amounts to less than 10 percent of what they originally claimed was misappropriated.[25][26]

December 31, 2013: Eleven Workers Treated After Hazardous Materials Leak at Wilmington Refinery

The Daily Breeze reported on December 31, 2013 that eleven workers were briefly treated for possible respiratory problems on December 31, 2013 following a sulfur dioxide leak at the Phillips 66 Refinery in Wilmington. A firefighter at the refinery said the 11 people were workers who had been exposed to sulfur dioxide gas. They were taken to hospitals for emergency treatment in fair condition said Katherine Main of the Los Angeles Fire Department. Other workers were told to shelter in place inside buildings on the refinery. By 11 a.m., the LAFD reported that the situation was “static’’ and there was “no active leak (and) no danger to the community." “All other refinery employees and contract workers have been accounted for and are safe. The area has been secured and the refinery is running under normal operations,’’ said Phillips 66 spokesman Rich Johnson.[27]

December 23, 2013: Safety Critics of Rail Terminal through San Luis Obispo County Speak Out at Workshop

The Santa Maria Sun reported on December 23, 2013 that 60 citizens and stakeholders gathered for a two-hour public workshop on December 12, 2013 regarding the draft environmental impact report (DEIR) for the Phillips 66 project to ship oil by train through San Luis Obispo County to Phillips Santa Maria Refinery in Nipomo. “I want people to wake up,” said Julie Tacker, a Los Osos resident and local activist. “I’d like people all along the railroad line—which runs right through the heart of SLO County—to pay attention. All it takes is one car on the oil train to blow, and then they’ll all blow.” Concerns raised about the rail spur project included the significant danger of an oil train accident similar to the Québec disaster of July 2013, adverse traffic and noise impacts, the higher volatility of Bakken crude (a potential source for the oil trains), and what detractors called the suspicious timing of the project in relation to a 10 percent refinery through-put increase approved just two months before the rail spur project was proposed. Local environmental activist Eric Greening was concerned about the safety of the train cars that will be used to transport oil. Greening claimed “the majority of train cars on the rails in America right now are substandard,” and requested that Phillips 66 use safer cars.[28]

Phillips 66 staffers, SLO County Planning and Building Department representatives, and the DEIR report consultants were in attendance to receive public comments and to answer questions. The county has tentatively scheduled a Planning Commission hearing for the project on April 24.[29]

November 27, 2013: Phillips to Pay $300K Settlement for Migratory Bird Deaths near Borger Refinery

Jim McBride reported in the Amarillo Globe-News on November 27, 2013 that Phillips and federal authorities have reached a nearly $300,000 settlement over migratory bird killed near their Borger Refinery after the the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service learned in August 2012 about 260 waterfowl, mostly teal, had been killed at the Johnson Tank Farm Pond, a 3 million-barrel brine water pond spanning 22 acres in Hutchinson County. In exchange for the company’s mitigation efforts, authorities will not prosecute Phillips under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act or other federal laws if the company continues to comply with terms of the agreement, which was reached November 22, 2013. “At Phillips 66 we conduct our business with care for the environment. ... We have added additional deterrents and continue to work closely with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service to minimize bird activity near our operations,” said Phillips spokeswoman Janet Grothe. Phillips has established an emergency treatment center for injured birds at the Borger facility, installed bird deterrent devices and contracted with another firm to keep birds away from the pond with a boat and air horns, federal authorities said.[30]

October 30, 2013: Two Workers Injured in Steam Leak at Humber Refinery

The Grimsby Telegraph reported on November 28, 2013 that two workmen from Phillips, who received serious injuries after a steam leak at the Killingholme refinery on October 30, 2013, are still being treated at Pinderfields Hospital in Wakefield with one worker in a critical condition while the second is said to be making satisfactory progress.[31] The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has visited the site and an official investigation into the accident is underway.[32][33]

October 3, 2013: Phillips Reports Small Fire in Process Unit at Rodeo Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a small fire in the insulation of a process unit at its Rodeo refinery in northern California, according to a filing with the Contra Costa Health Services. [34]

August 23, 2013: Expansion of Rodeo Refinery Worries East Bay Residents

KGO-TV reported on August 23, 2013 that a plan to build a propane storage facility at Phillips' Rodeo Refinery has some residents fearing for their safety, especially after the big explosion at a propane plant in Central Florida last month. "You can run from a fire, you cannot run from an explosion," says Tegan Clive of Rodeo. "It's too close to people." Phillips says they're just trying to catch up to their competitors in the Bay Area, that all the others already have propane plants on site. "Right now, we currently utilize propane and butane and burn it in our furnaces here. So, it's a fuel source. We're going to replace that with natural gas, something that's cleaner burning than propane and butane," says Phillips spokesman Mark Hughest. Phillips 66 says their plan has been reviewed by safety experts and the risks are low. The Contra Costa Planning Commission has approved a draft environmental impact report. If the full board of supervisors approves a final plan, Phillips hopes to begin construction early next year.[35]

August 20, 2013: Phillips Isolates Transmission Line in Oklahoma After Gas Spill

Reuters reported on August 20, 2013 that Phillips has isolated a transmission line in Pawnee County, Oklahoma following a leak of an unknown amount of gasoline according to a filing with the US National Response Center.[36]

August 6, 2013: Phillips Conducts Evacuation Drills at Lake Charles Refinery

KPLC TV reported on Augusut 6, 2013 that Phillips planned drill exercises over multiple days to cover all shifts and that residents should not be alarmed by horns. "Neighbors and passersby may hear a series of horn blasts and see employees gathering in the parking lot, however, they should not be alarmed as this is part of the exercise. The horns will sound to signal the start of the evacuation and then again when the all clear is issued," the release states. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires all VPP Star sites to conduct an annual evacuation drill.[37]

July 18, 2013: Phillips Pays Fine for Billings Refinery Pollution Violations

The Daily Journal reported on July 18, 2013 that Phillips has paid $17,075 to resolve pollution violations involving wastewater from the company's Billings refinery when the Montana Department of Environmental Quality said Phillips' refinery exceeded chlorine limits in its wastewater in 2010, and limits on oil and grease in 2012. Phillips used chlorinated water which is toxic to fish to test a large storage tank for leaks, but did not remove the chlorine prior to draining the tank.[38]

July 17, 2013: Phillips Oklahoma City Pipeline Terminal Receives Safety Recognition

Adam Wilmoth reported in the Daily Oklahoman on July 17, 2013 that the Oklahoma City Phillips 66 terminal received OSHA's Voluntary Protection Program Star qualification, awarded based on the company's safety policies and on how well employees understand and follow those policies. “Phillips 66 is very proud of Oklahoma joining the VPP Star sites. It's hard work, but it's well worth the effort to become part of this family,” said Bob Herman, senior vice president of health, safety and environment for Phillips 66. “We're committed to this program. We're in it for the long haul. The program cost us money, but it is the right way to run our business.” Phillips is the 46th company in Oklahoma to achieve the VPP Star recognition. The Oklahoma City terminal is the 23rd Phillips 66 site to receive the award.[39]

July 14, 2013: 400 Migratory Birds Encrusted with Salt at Borger Refinery

Jennifer Hiller reported in the San Antonio Express-News on July 14, 2013 that Texas is a major migration flyway for birds and with the severe drought birds desperate for water are landing in open pits and tanks that hold water for drilling and hydraulic fracturing operations. Last fall, for example, 400 migrating birds dove into briny water at Borger Refinery. “Their water source was dry and so they went to a huge brine pit that was within a refinery, and 400 or more birds were encrusted with salt,” said Longtime bird rehabilitator Bebe McCasland.[40]

July 12, 2013: Phillips Blames Shifting Land for 25,000 Gallon Crow Reservation Oil Spill

KULR News reported on July 12, 2013 that Phillips 66 says shifting land appears to have damaged an underground pipeline that spilled up to 25,000 gallons of gasoline on the Crow Reservation west of Lodge Grass. Phillips says that it has completed repairs on its 8-inch underground Seminoe line and a cleanup plan is pending. The line is expected to be put back into operation by July 14, 2013 and spokesman Dennis Nuss says by the time of the restart the company will have fulfilled safety actions requested by federal regulators to prevent further problems.[41]

July 9, 2013: Phillips 66 Plans New Oil Pipeline across Yellowstone River to Prevent Line From Breaking

KTVQ reported on July 9, 2013 that Phillips plans to build a new petroleum pipeline across the Yellowstone River in Montana after a survey conducted in 2011 found that the existing Phillips pipeline was only covered by two to six feet of river bed. The project comes two years after Exxon's pipeline broke in the Yellowstone River, spewing 63,000 gallons of crude oil into the water. Phillips wants to construct a new line that would run 40 feet underneath the water to prevent the line from breaking. The Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation recommends that Phillips 66 remove the old pipeline as part of the project but Phillips disagrees with this recommendation. The Montana Land Board will vote on whether or not to grant the construction permit on July 15, 2013.[42]

July 5, 2013: Phillips Gas pipeline Spills 25,000 Gallons on Crow Reservation in Montana

UPI reported on July 5, 2013 that a Phillips 66 pipeline spilled 25,000 gallons of gasoline on the Crow Reservation in southeastern Montana. The same pipeline broke twice in one week in 1997, spilling an estimated 2,300 barrels of gasoline near Lodge Grass and Banner, NBC News said. A U.S. Department of Transportation spokesman said the leak, which occurred about 15 miles from Lodge Grass, Mont., was under investigation but posed no safety threat to the public and did not immediately affect any waterways.[43] Phillips 66 says the pipeline transports finished petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel from its Billings refinery to Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado. Spokesman Dennis Nuss says Phillips immediately shut down the pipeline and that there are no anticipated health concerns. Crow Tribal Chair Darrin Old Coyote confirmed this and also said the leak is not near any homes or streams. "Phillips 66 was the one who reported it," Old Coyote said. "The pipeline is shut down and they are mobilizing their equipment to actually do the cleanup. No evacuations have taken place, but they are doing traffic control because the area is close to the road that goes from Hardin to Fort Smith."[44] In 2004, the Conoco Pipe Line Co. agreed to pay $465,000 for environmental violations after the line broke twice in a week in 1997, spilling more than 2,300 barrels of gasoline near Lodge Grass and Banner, Wyo.[45]

June 12, 2013: Employee is Exposed to Hydrogen Sulfide at Bayway Refinery

Phillips 66 said operations were not affected at its Bayway refinery in Linden, NJ after an employee was hospitalized following an exposure to hydrogen sulfide on June 12. The employee was released from the hospital later the same day, a spokesman said.[46]

April 26, 2013: Safety Called into Question at Bayway Refinery

Jim Hoffer wrote at WABC on April 26, 2013 that Bayway refinery worker and Union President Gary Doherty says that Phillips is cutting back on fire safety putting workers and the community in danger. Doherty says that Bayway's Fire Department has been reduced from 10 full-time firefighters in 2008 to seven today. "Managers made it clear to us that this is to save money, and we ask, at what cost?" Doherty said. Phillips 66 says it maintains robust emergency response capabilities and that only one full-time firefighter position has been cut.[47]

Eyewitness News learned that the volunteer rescue squad had its firefighting training eliminated causing nearly half of the refinery workers on the 48-man volunteer fire brigade to quit the squad. "They turned in their gear and they no longer volunteer to come in and fight fires in the refinery," Doherty said. "They fear for their safety." Phillips 66 says it has reversed its decision to cut firefighting training for Bayway's rescue squad resulting in a return of several volunteers who had quit the fire brigade but Eyewitness News has been told that earlier this week, a training class had to be cancelled because of a lack of volunteers.[48]

April 26, 2013: Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper write that Phillips 66 has Reduced Staffing in Safety Areas at Bayway Refinery, Creating Concern for Workers and Neighbors

Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper wrote in an op-ed in the New Jersey Star-Ledger on April 26, 2013 that the threat of an industrial fire and explosion that recently hospitalized hundreds in West, Texas has potentially increased for New Jersey residents as a result of a recent change in ownership at the Bayway oil refinery. "Last year, the refinery became part of Phillips 66," write Goldsmith and Harper. "After the ownership change, Phillips 66 eliminated one of just two positions dedicated entirely to firefighting and response to chemical leaks on the night shift and also reduced staffing for a process unit that can generate deadly hydrogen sulfide gas. They also cut back on long-established procedures for testing fire protection."[49]

According to Goldsmith, director of the New Jersey Environmental Federation, the state chapter of Clean Water Action, and Harper, executive director of GreenFaith, Phillips produces millions of pounds of highly toxic and flammable substances at Bayway Refinery and Phillips May 2012 Risk Management Plan submitted to EPA acknowledges that a flammable mixture could cause serious harm in the surrounding area in which 18,000 people live. "The people who work at the Bayway refinery have been objecting to Phillips 66’s cuts through their union, Teamsters Local 877. Unfortunately, Phillips 66 has responded by ordering a two-week suspension from work for the local union officer who has helped lead the workers’ health and safety efforts for many years," write Goldsmith and Harper. "Between Earth Day (Monday) and Workers’ Memorial Day (this Sunday), this week has focused Americans’ attention on the need to put public safety and environmental protection ahead of extra profits and bonuses for corporate CEOs. This would be a good time for corporate executives such as those at Phillips 66 to start listening."[50]

April 5, 2013: Explosion at DCP Midstream Gas Compressor Station in Langston, Oklahoma

Channel 2 News reported on April 5, 2013 that authorities say a worker inside a natural gas compressor station owned by DCP Midstream was able to escape without injury after an explosion near Langston, Oklahoma, about 45 miles north of Oklahoma City. The Guthrie Fire Department, along with Meridian and Coyle fire departments, all responded to the explosion but firefighters let the natural gas in the line burn off before they could safely fight the blaze and the fire was extinguished several hours after the blast. DCP Midstream doesn't know what started the explosion in rural Logan County, but is investigating along with the Department of the Environmental Quality and the Oklahoma Corporation Commission. "It was a tremendous fire ball in the sky and was able to be seen for quite a few miles," said Guthrie Fire Chief Eric Harlow adding that he believes weather may have been a factor in the fire. "We didn't have much wind last night, which would allow the gas to kind of stay in place, instead of dissipating, at that point any spark, whether it be static electricity or even the spark of vehicle ignition could likely set it off." Three homes had to be evacuated and DCP Midstream offered to pay for one other family's hotel if they wanted to evacuate. "We've never had any problems at the compressor station before," said William Savory, who has lived in Wellston for 20 years and decided not to take DCP up on its offer. "And I told my wife, all it's just going to do is burn off, it's going to burn off because it's so wet."[51][52]

April 2, 2013: Small Fire Breaks Out in Coking Unit at Los Angeles Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a small fire broke out on April 2 in a coking unit and was later extinguished. There were no injuries or impact to operations.[53]

January 23, 2013: Phillips 66 pays $50K over Hazardous Waste Allegations at Trainer Refinery

The Philadelphia Inquirer reported on January 23, 2013 that Phillips 66 Co. has agreed to pay a $50,000 penalty to settle alleged violations of hazardous waste regulations at its former refinery in Trainer. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency cited Phillips 66 for violations involving the storage of hazardous materials including refinery hydrocarbon waste, chromium waste, heavy metal waste from batteries and mercury waste from fluorescent bulbs.[54]

January 23, 2013: Phillips Joins Global Environmental Management Initiative

IB Times reported on January 23, 2013 that Phillips has joined the Global Environmental Management Initiative, an organization of leading companies dedicated to foster global environmental, health and safety (EHS) and sustainability excellence through the sharing of tools and information to help business achieve environmental sustainability excellence. "We are pleased to welcome Phillips 66 to GEMI," said GEMI's Chair, Neville Dias, Director, HESS Management System, Carnival Corporation & plc. "Their knowledge and experience will be valuable additions to GEMI, and we look forward to combining their expertise with that of our other GEMI members."[55][56]

January 16, 2013: Phillips Returns CDU to Service at Wood River Refinery After Electrical Fire

Phillips 66 said it has returned a crude distillation unit (CDU) to service at its Wood River refinery after repairs over the weekend. The unit was temporarily shut following a brief electrical fire on on January 12, 2013.[57]

January 12, 2013: Brief Electrical Fire Shuts CDU at Wood River Refinery

Phillips 66 reported a crude distillation unit (CDU) at its Wood River refinery was temporarily shut following a fire on January 12, 2013, according to a spokesman. At approximately 5:00 p.m. local time, an electrical fire occurred in a piece of equipment that supports one of the refinery’s crude units, the spokesman said. He did not identify the unit where the fire broke out, but the refinery filed a notice January 12 with the Illinois Emergency Management Agency about a fire on an above-ground crude oil storage tank. The spokesman said that repairs were underway and that the crude unit was expected to return to production in “a couple of days.” The CDU is one of three at the Wood River refinery.[58]

January 2, 2013: California Sues Phillips for Environmental Violations at Gas Stations

Bloomberg reported on January 2, 2013 that California Attorney General Kamala Harris and and seven county district attorneys filed a complaint on January 2, 2013 in state court seeking an order to force ConocoPhillips and Phillips 66 to comply with California’s laws for underground gasoline storage tanks as well as unspecified civil penalties for violating the state’s health and safety code. “The state’s hazardous waste laws help protect our residents from contaminated groundwater,” Harris said in a statement. “This lawsuit safeguards public health by ensuring proper maintenance of the tanks that store fuel beneath many California communities.” The People v. Phillips 66, RG13661894, Superior Court of California, Alameda County (Oakland) accuses the two companies of improperly monitoring, inspecting and maintaining underground storage tanks.[59]

December 19, 2012: Phillips 66 Responds to Ponca City Residents' Concerns Over Groundwater Contamination

Beverly Bryant reported in the Ponca City News on December 19, 2012 that Phillips 66 has responded to health concerns of Ponca City residents of about what they believe to be contamination of the water which comes into their homes, as well as groundwater on their properties. “Phillips 66 conducts its operations and environmental programs in a manner that protects the community, human health and the environment," said a statement by Bob Gingerich, head of Human Resources at the Phillips 66 Refinery. "Since the early 1990s, Phillips 66 (previously Conoco and then ConocoPhillips) has been working cooperatively with state regulators, to continue remediation and monitoring of groundwater and springs beneath and surrounding the refinery. Phillips 66 conducts monitoring of this groundwater and springs multiple times throughout the year in accordance with a plan approved by state regulators. Test results show the impacted area continues to shrink. These results are available to the public through the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality and at the Ponca City Public Library. Since 2003, Phillips 66 has purchased and continues to purchase selective property near the refinery to increase the buffer zone between the community and the refinery. Phillips 66 has a long history of working with our neighbors and responding to community questions and concerns. Community members are welcome to call our 24-hour InfoLine (580) 767-7130.” Gingerich declined to answer any questions about the monitoring results, but said “We are happy to talk to any individual homeowners about any concerns and come out to help them understand what’s going on."[60]

December 18, 2012: Ponca City Residents Meet Over Concerns about Possible Groundwater Contamination

Beverly Bryant reported in the Ponca City News on December 18, 2012 that residents of a southeast Ponca City neighborhood adjacent to the Phillips 66 Refinery met at the Poncan Theatre with Attorneys Dave Askman, Jason Aamodt, Kalyn Free and Dallas Strimple to discuss possible groundwater contamination with benzene, a volatile organic compound which can cause cancer. The attorneys, who included the co-counsels that represented the Ponca Tribe in their 2005 lawsuit against Continental Carbon Company, gave a presentation called “Orange Water: Ponca City, Oklahoma.” Water samples were taken from seven sites, said Askman adding that although not all seven sites showed the same results, benzene was found in a concentration of 20 parts per million at one site, along with diesel-range organics. “In those orange springs, we know there is benzene and diesel coming up in the water,” said Askman. “Phillips has information that materials have gotten into the neighborhood.” The Ponca City News reported that efforts to contact spokesmen for Phillips 66 and the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality had so far been usuccessful but would continue.[61]

December 13, 2012: Safety Changes At Santa Maria Refinery Pit Workers Against Management

Matt Fountain reported in the New Times on December 13, 2012 that before December 10 2012, Phillips 66 employed five health and safety shift specialists at the Santa Maria refinery, who worked onsite in 12-hour shifts but that after the specialists became members of USW Local 534, relations between management and the team have grown shakier. Last month, word came down: The five were being split up. Two would work the regular daylight shift as “safety coordinators” and the other three would be reassigned to the operations emergency response team, essentially the lowest position in terms of safety. According to Fountain, along with the reassignments came severe pay cuts—some to the tune of $12 an hour less, according to knowledgeable sources. The changes were finalized December 10, 2012. In their place, management delegated their responsibilities to plant employees, though at a far lower degree than what the health and safety shift specialists did, according to USW staff representative Ron Espinoza. Instead of having an all-encompassing EMT and search and rescue-certified expert on site, now the only EMT on site will be the front gate security guard, according to union reps and plant employees. The problem with the guard assuming response duties, they said, is that guards aren’t equipped or authorized to access many of the higher-risk areas of the facility. “We do believe it’s retaliation,” USW staff representative Espinoza told New Times. “They’re coming after them, and doing a fairly good job at it.”[62]

In January 2012, members of the USW Local 534 took to the picket lines outside the plant’s gates to protest the management’s hard-line on their then-ongoing labor negotiations. One of the issues of contention: a “fatigue policy” for work schedules. And another: safety equipment improvements.[63]

In response to a long list of questions regarding the specialist team and safety conditions at the plant, Phillips 66 Spokesman Rich Johnson provided the following statement in an e-mail to New Times: “There is no value more important in our company than ensuring the safety of everyone who works at our sites as well as the safety of our neighboring communities. Over the past year, we have redistributed certain safety-related functions and responsibilities among personnel at the Santa Maria refinery, and there have been no staff reductions. We expect these changes will help maintain and improve the refinery’s high standards for safety and performance.”[64]

According to Fountain, plant operators seem to be upset over the reorganizing of the safety department, as well, as they’ll now be seeing additional job duties and training requirements on top of an already-full workload. “I love this company, I obviously have no problem with Big Oil, [Phillips is] good to the environment—it’s just the way their mentality is,” one employee told New Times. “These [HSS specialists] make [the company] look better if an emergency happens, but there’s a calculated risk, and if they can get away with something, they will. “It’s going to take somebody high in the chain to say stop. That’s the way these people think,” he added.[65]

October 26, 2012: Contaminated Houses near Phillips' Wood River Refinery to Be Torn Down

The Telegraph reported on October 26, 2012 that three houses in a polluted area of Roxana near the west fence line of what is now the Wood River Refinery, operated by Phillips 66, are scheduled for demolition November 5 to allow the expansion of a pollution remediation project after tests showed benzene contamination in the area. Phillips 66 acquired the facility from Shell Oil Company after a series of other owners operated it and Phillips has defended the way it has operated the plant. The three houses near Chaffer and Fourth streets now are vacant after they were acquired by Shell, and neighbors are speculating that more homes may be purchased. The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency has been testing homes in the area for several months and found benzene in occupied rooms in the basements in the homes. One family was put up in a motel for several months before Shell bought their property, said Dale Carroll of the 100 block of Fourth Street near the three homes that are slated for demolition.[66]

June 26, 2012: Santa Maria Refinery Wins a National Safety Award

The Santa Maria Times reported on June 26, 2012 that the Phillips 66 Santa Maria refinery won a national safety award from the American Fuel and Petrochemicals Manufacturers and a delegation of five refinery employees traveled to San Antonio, Texas, to accept the 2011 Distinguished Safety Award presented May 17 at AFPM’s national safety conference. To qualify, a facility must have an exceptional safety record that includes no lost-time injuries for three prior years. The Santa Maria Refinery has about 150 employees and processes about 45,000 barrels per day of crude oil that is shipped via pipeline for further processing at the company’s refinery in Rodeo.[67]

June 24, 2012: Bayway Refinery Earns EPA’s ENERGY STAR® Certification

New Jersey Today reported on June 24, 2012 that Phillips Bayway Refinery has earned the US. Environmental Protection Agency’s ENERGY STAR certification, which signifies that the industrial facility performs in the top 25 percent of similar facilities nationwide for energy efficiency and meets strict energy efficiency performance levels set by the EPA. Bayway Refinery improved its energy efficiency by 11 percent since 2002 by strategically managing energy consumption and making cost-effective improvements to the plant. To earn the ENERGY STAR, Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery replaced a large crude oil unit furnace to newer, more efficient technology in 2010, replaced its sulfur recovery plant in 2007, upgraded various plant energy recovery systems. ENERGY STAR was introduced by EPA in 1992 as a voluntary, market-based partnership to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency.[68]

May 1, 2012: Employee Fatality at Borger Refinery

KVII-TV in Amarillo, Texas, reported on May 1, 2012 an employee at the Phillips 66 refinery in Borger, Texas fell from a height of 100 feet at about 3pm and was taken to the Golden Plains Community Hospital in Borger where he died. "ConocoPhillips deeply regrets the loss of our employee and wishes to extend sympathy to the employee's family, friends and co-workers," said spokesman Rich Johnson. "ConocoPhillips is investigating the cause of the accident." Officials with Phillips 66 say the incident remains under investigation. It is reported that this is the first fatality at the refinery in 25 years.[69][70]

April 9, 2012: Garland Says the Safest Facilities Tend to Have the Best Cost Structures

Phillips CEO Greg Garland told analysts on April 9, 2012 that that the safest facilities tend to have the best cost structures. "We expect employees can work one day, one week, one month, even an entire career, without getting hurt. Over 30 years, I've observed that our safest facilities tend to have the best cost structures. They tend to be the most reliable facilities that we have. There's solid business reasons for focusing on operating excellence. It's clearly a foundation for sustainable value. We've got more work to do here. Zero's the target. That's where we're heading."[71][72][73]

Master Index for Phillips 66 Articles


  1. Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise. "Phillips 66 CEO praises city" by Kelcey King. August 28, 2008.
  2. The Tribune. "County supervisor candidates spar over Phillips 66 plan to move oil by rail" by David Sneed. April 16, 2014.
  3. Contra Costa Times. "Hearing on Rodeo refinery project continued to May 13" by Tom Lochner. April 4, 2014.
  4. Contra Costa Times. "Phillips 66 refinery's rail extension project reopened for public comment" by Tom Lochner. March 28, 2014.
  5. CSP Daily News. "Phillips 66 to Pay $500,000 Over Clean Air Act Violations" March 26, 2014.
  6. Cal Coast News. "Phillips 66 rail project – explosive risks far outweigh the benefits" by Linda Reynolds. March 24, 2014.
  7. Wilmington Press-Telegram. "Crack in idle Phillips 66 pipeline spews crude oil onto Wilmington streets" by Brad Graverson. March 18, 2014.
  8. Wilmington Press-Telegram. "Crack in idle Phillips 66 pipeline spews crude oil onto Wilmington streets" by Brad Graverson. March 18, 2014.
  9. LA Times. "Phillips 66 oil line in Wilmington blamed for 1,200-gallon spill" by Jeff Gottlieb. March 18, 2014.
  10. Santa Maria Times. "Phillips 66 rail spur meeting draws critics" by Mike Hodgson. March 14, 2014.
  11. Santa Maria Times. "Phillips 66 rail spur meeting draws critics" by Mike Hodgson. March 14, 2014.
  12. Contra Costa Times. "Phillips 66 oil refinery in Rodeo to pay $230,900 for air pollution violations" by Denis Cuff. March 10, 2014.
  13. San Fransisco Chronicle. "Phillips 66 fined for air-quality violations at Rodeo refinery" by Victoria Colliver. March 10, 2014.
  14. Bloomberg. "Too Much Propane Could Be a Factor in Exploding Oil Trains" by Marcus Stern and Sebastian Jones. March 5, 2014.
  15. Slashdot. "Exploding Oil Tank Cars: Why Trains Go Boom" by Hugh Pickens. March 9, 2014.
  16. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. "Safety Alert: Preliminary Guidance from Operation Classification" January 2, 2014.
  17. Businesswek. "Trains That Go Boom" by Matthew Phillips. February 13, 2014.
  18. Contra Costa Times. "Compliance hearing Monday for Phillips 66 Rodeo refinery" by Tom Lochner. February 28, 2014.
  19. Times Press recorder. "SCAC to hear presentation on Phillips 66 rail spur" February 20, 2014.
  20. Credit Suisse Global Energy Summit. "Transcript of Phillips 66 Presentation" by Greg Garland. February 12, 2014
  21. Times Press Recorder. "Traffic Committee to discuss Phillips 66 rail project" February 7, 2014.
  22. Contra Costa Times. "Rodeo: Phillips 66 agrees to pay $6,000 in state fines for water pollution violations" by Tom Lochner. January 29, 2014.
  23. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events January 17 – January 23, 2014
  24. Insurance Journal. "Utah Claims Settled by Phillips 66 for $2 Million" by Paul Foy. January 14, 2014.
  25. Salt Lake City Tribune. "Accused of bilking cleanup fund, Phillips 66 pays Utah $2 million" by Brian Maffly. January 9, 2014.
  26. Salt Lake City Tribune. "Utah suing ConocoPhillips for fraud over cleanup funds" by Judy Fahys. July 11, 2012.
  27. Daily Breeze "11 workers treated after hazardous materials leak at Phillips 66 Refinery in Wilmington" December 31, 2013.
  28. Santa Maria Sun. "Phillips 66 rail spur critics speak out at workshop" by Rhys Heyden. December 23, 2013.
  29. Santa Maria Sun. "Phillips 66 rail spur critics speak out at workshop" by Rhys Heyden. December 23, 2013.
  30. Amarillo Globe-News. "Phillips to pay $300K settlement for bird deaths" by Jim McBride. November 27, 2012.
  31. Grimsby Telegraph. "UPDATE: Injured Phillips 66 workers at Pinderfields Hospital" November 28, 2013.
  32. Grimsby Telegraph. "Conditions unchanged of workers seriously injured in Phillips 66 refinery accident" November 1, 2013 (sic)
  33. Grimsby Telegraph. "UPDATE: Injured Phillips 66 workers at Pinderfields Hospital" November 28, 2013.
  34. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Oct. 2, 2013 through Oct. 10, 2013)
  35. KGO-TV. "Refinery expansion plans worry East Bay residents"by Laura Anthony. August 23, 2013.
  36. Reuters. "Phillips 66 Isolates Transmission Line in Oklahoma After Gas Spill" August 20, 2013.
  37. KPLC TV "Phillips 66 to conduct drill exercise this week" by Elona Weston. August 6, 2013.
  38. Daily Journal. "Phillips 66 pays $17,075 to Montana agency for Billings refinery wastewater violations" July 18, 2013.
  39. NewsOK. "Oklahoma City Phillips 66 terminal receives safety recognition" by Adam Wilmoth. July 17, 2013.
  40. San Antonio Express-News. "Drought, drilling add up to problems for migrating birds" by Jennifer Hiller. July 14, 2013.
  41. KULR News. "Shifting land blamed in Crow reservation gas spill" July 12, 2013.
  42. KTVQ. "Phillips 66 plans to construct oil pipeline across Yellowstone River" by Marnee Banks. July 9, 2013.
  43. UPI. "Gas pipeline breaks, spills 25K gallons on Crow reservation in Mont. July 5, 2013.
  44. KPAX. "Pipeline leaks gasoline on Crow Reservation" by David Jay. July 5, 2013.
  45. Billings Gazette. "Cleanup, investigation underway after Phillips 66 pipeline leaks gas on Crow land" by Cindy Uken. July 4, 2013.
  46. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (June 14, 2013 through June 20, 2013)
  47. WABC. "Safety at refinery called into question" by Jim Hoffer. April 26, 2013.
  48. WABC. "Safety at refinery called into question" by Jim Hoffer. April 26, 2013.
  49. New Jersey Star-Ledger. "Danger lurks at industrial workplaces, just ask Texas: Opinion" by Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper. April 26, 2013.
  50. New Jersey Star-Ledger. "Danger lurks at industrial workplaces, just ask Texas: Opinion" by Amy Goldsmith and Fletcher Harper. April 26, 2013.
  51. Channel 2 News "No one injured in Langston, Oklahoma DCP Midstream natural gas plant explosion" April 5, 2013.
  52. Channel 6 News. "Witnesses Describe Logan County Gas Explosion" by Heather Hope. April 5, 2013.
  53. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Mar. 29, 2013 through April 4, 2013)
  54. Philadelphia Inquirer. "Phillips 66 pays $50K over hazardous waste allegations at Trainer refinery" January 23, 2013.
  55. IB Times. "Phillips 66 Joins GEMI" January 23, 2013.
  56. GEMI Web Site. "About GEMMI" retrieved March 1, 2013.
  57. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 11, 2013 through Jan. 17, 2013)
  58. United Steelworkers. Refinery Events - (Jan. 11, 2013 through Jan. 17, 2013)
  59. Bloomberg. "Phillips 66 and ConocoPhillips Sued by California Over Tanks" by Edvard Pettersson. January 2, 2013.
  60. The Ponca City News. "Residents Voice Areas of Concern" by Beverly Bryant. December 19, 2012.
  61. The Ponca City News. "Local Residents Voice Complaints" by Beverly Bryant. December 18, 2012.
  62. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  63. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  64. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  65. New Times. "Re(de)fining safety" by Matt Fountain. December 13, 2012.
  66. The Telegraph. "Contaminated houses to be torn down" by Sanford Schmidt. October 26, 2012.
  67. Santa Maria Times. "Phillips 66 refinery wins safety award" June 26, 2012.
  68. New Jersey Today. "Bayway Refinery Earns EPA’s ENERGY STAR® Certification" June 24, 2014.
  69. Reuters. "Employee dies after fall at Phillips refinery" May 1, 2012.
  70. ConnectAmarillo.com "Borger ConocoPhillips employee dies after falling" by Travis Ruiz. May 1, 2012.
  71. ConocoPhillips. "Slide Presentation for Phillips 66 Investor Update" April 9, 2012
  72. ConocoPhillips. "Phillips 66 Analyst Update Transcript of Phillips 66 Analyst Update" April 9, 2012
  73. Seeking Alpha. "ConocoPhillips' CEO Hosts Phillips 66 Analyst Update Conference Call" April 9, 2012

About the Author

Hugh Pickens

Hugh Pickens (Po-Hi '67) is a physicist who has explored for oil in the Amazon jungle, crossed the empty quarter of Saudi Arabia, and built satellite control stations for Goddard Space Flight Center all over the world. Retired in 1999, Pickens and his wife moved from Baltimore back to his hometown of Ponca City, Oklahoma in 2005 where he cultivates his square foot garden, mows nine acres of lawn, writes about local history and photographs events at the Poncan Theatre and Ponca Playhouse.

Since 2001 Pickens has edited and published “Peace Corps Online,” serving over one million monthly pageviews. His other writing includes contributing over 1,500 stories to “Slashdot: News for Nerds,” and articles for Wikipedia, “Ponca City, We Love You”, and Peace Corps Worldwide.

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